Download Dunhuang pipa scores 《敦煌乐谱》 - all 25 pieces
Dunhuang pipa scores 《敦煌乐谱》 - all 25 pieces
Dunhuang pipa scores 《敦煌乐谱》 - all 25 pieces
Recordings of the full set of 25 pieces comprising manuscript P.3808 of the Dunhuang pipa scores (Dunhuang Yuepu, 《敦煌乐谱》), one of the oldest and most precious collections of scores of Chin...
Recordings of the full set of 25 pieces comprising manuscript P.3808 of the Dunhuang pipa scores (Dunhuang Yuepu, 《敦煌乐谱》), one of the oldest and most precious collections of scores of Chinese music.

The music is performed by the Central Traditional Orchestra (中央民族乐团) of Beijing and the Shanghai Traditional Orchestra (上海民族乐团), conducted by Liu Wenjin (刘文金), Huang Xiaofei (黄晓飞), and Qu Chunquan (瞿春泉). The pipa soloist is Wu Yuxia (吴玉霞). Vocalists include Jiang Jiaqiang (姜嘉锵), Li Yuanhua (李元华), Shan Xiurong (单秀荣), and Zhai Xianli (翟宪力), among others.

The pieces were arranged by Xi Zhenguan (席臻贯, 1941-1994), based on the work of Ye Dong (叶栋, 1930-1989). The instruments used in these recordings are traditional Chinese instruments of the modern variety rather than replicas of those used during the Tang Dynasty, and the arrangements show the influence of Westernized "guoyue" (国乐) performed by modern Chinese orchestras (minzu yuetuan, 民族乐团).

Contents:
00:00 - 1. Pin Nong 《品弄》
01:43 - 2. Nong 《弄》《{头}弄》
03:16 - 3. Qing Bei Yue 《倾杯乐》(Tilted Cup Music)
04:47 - 4. You Man Quzi 《又慢曲子》
08:12 - 5. You Quzi 《又曲子》
10:47 - 6. Ji Quzi 《急曲子》(Quick Piece)
12:18 - 7. You Quzi 《又曲子》
15:19 - 8. You Man Quzi 《又慢曲子》
18:50 - 9. Ji Quzi 《急曲子》
23:08 - 10. You Man Quzi 《又慢曲子》
26:06 - 11. [Untitled] (佚名)
27:06 - 12. Qing Bei Yue 《倾杯乐》(Tilted Cup Music)
29:30 - 13. You Man Quzi: Xi Jiang Yue 《又慢曲子。西江月》 (Moon Over the Western River)
35:43 - 14. You Man Quzi 《又慢曲子》
37:24 - 15. Man Quzi: Xinshizi 《慢曲子。心事子》
39:44 - 16. You Man Quzi: Yizhou 《又慢曲子。伊州》
43:16 - 17. You Ji Quzi 《又急曲子》
45:07 - 18. Shui Guzi 《水鼓子》
51:04 - 19. Ji Hu Xiangwen《急胡相问》(Quick "The Barbarian Asks")
57:57 - 20. Changsha Nü Yin 《长沙女引》(Prelude: The Lady of Changsha)
1:00-51 - 21. [Untitled] (佚名)
1:03:07 - 22. Sa Jin Sha 《撒金沙》
1:04:59 - 23. Ying Fu 《营富》
1:06:47 - 24. Yizhou 《伊州》 (the former name of Hami in eastern Xinjiang)
1:09:11 - 25. Shui Guzi 《水鼓子》

Also known as Dunhuang Qupu, 《敦煌曲谱》 or Dunhuang Juanzipu 《敦煌卷子谱》), the Dunhuang pipa scores were found in Mogao Cave 17 near Dunhuang in Gansu province, northwest China. They comprise 25 pieces in pipa tablature with instructions for the tablature (manuscript P.3539), plus an additional incomplete piece (manuscript P.3719), all written on the backs of scrolls containing Buddhist texts. These three manuscripts, which were among up to 50,000 manuscripts that had been stored in the cave since it was walled off for unknown reasons early in the 11th century, were taken in 1908 to the Bibliothèque nationale de France in Paris by the French sinoloist Paul Pelliot (1878-1945).

The pieces in P.3808 are believed to be the pipa parts of ensemble pieces, probably court yanyue (燕乐 or 宴乐, banquet music) pieces. On the front of the manuscript is the text of a Buddhist sermon, 《长兴四年中兴殿应圣节讲经文》, with 长兴四年 meaning the fourth year of the Changxing reign of Emperor Li Dan 李亶 of Later Tang 后唐, during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period that began following the fall of the Tang Dynasty--that is, 933 AD. Although these pieces were written down in the 10th century (in or soon after the year 933), many or all of them are likely to have by that time already been old pieces, dating to at least the 8th century (the titles of several of the pieces are listed in Tang palace records).

These recordings probably come from this set:
http://nxtmarket.info/item/44590606377

Information about Xi Zhen'guan:
http://baike.baidu.com/item/%E5%B8%AD%E8%87%BB%E8%B4%AF

More information about Mogao Cave 17:
http://public.dha.ac.cn/content.aspx?id=898738212291

Video about Mogao Cave 17:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ABtiYxu0Okw
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